Archaeology: Methods and Practice
- Module code
- Module leader
- Aidan Scott / Matt Reynolds
- Module level
- Module credits
- Min study time
- 200 hours
- Contact Hrs within study time
- 80 hours
- Teaching period
- Oct - Jun
Running in tandem with the desk based study explored in 1133 ‘Landscape Cultural History and Change’, students will embark on a field study of all aspects of practical field investigation. Skills developed here will match those required in industry and will provide valuable experience for those wishing to pursue a career in field archaeology. Much of this module will be conducted outdoors. This will include surveying to superimpose accurate grids across the landscape, geophysical prospecting to help quantify possible archaeological target resources, fieldwalking surveys to identify areas of archaeological density, strategy design based upon prospected information, targeted test pit excavation, industry standard recording via photography, planning and levelling, plus environmental sampling of soils together with rudimentary training in the field stabilisation of finds.
The underlying core of this module is to understand the aims and process of fieldwork and excavation. Students will learn the value of investigation yet also appreciate the risks involved together with the differences between intrusive and non-intrusive methods of investigation. Students will also gain valuable experience in collecting original data and writing reports that include their subsequent analysis and interpretation.
To achieve credit for this module students must be able to:
- Undertake a simple landscape survey to plot a grid.
- Undertake a co-ordinated prospecting survey.
- Undertake the excavation and recording of a test pit.
- Produce a short report evidencing all field recorded materials, concluding with a summary of the work and findings.
|Coursework||Report listing the procedure of excavating a test pit, incorporating recorded materials and interpreting the results.||60%|
|Archive||Archive of fieldwork experience based on witness statement and photographic evidence of survey, field-walking, geophysics and soil sampling.||40%|
Students should be familiar with the content of at least one of the following:
- Barker, P. (1993). Techniques of Archaeological Excavation. 3rd Edition, Routledge.
- Grant, J., Gorin, S. and Fleming, N. (2008) The archaeology coursebook: An introduction to themes, sites, methods and skills. 3rd Ed. Routledge
- Greene, K. and Moore, T. (2010) Archaeology: An introduction. 6th Ed. Routledge
- Renfrew, C. and Bahn, P. (2008) Archaeology: Theories, methods and practice. 5th Ed. Thames and Hudson
- Gater, J. and Gaffney, C. F. (2003) Revealing the buried past: Geophysics for archaeologists. The History Press
- Muskett, J. (1995) Site Surveying. 2nd Ed. Wiley-Blackwell
- Orton, C. (2000) Sampling in archaeology. Cambridge University Press
- Wilkinson, K. and Stevens, C. (2003) Environmental archaeology: approaches, techniques and applications. Tempus Publishing
- Conservation Bulletin. English Heritage. https://www.english-heritage.org.uk/publications/conservation-bulletin/
- Journal of Environmental Education. Routledge, Taylor and Frances Group. http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/vjee20/current