Grass and Forage Crops
- Module code
- Module leader
- Mike Draper
- Module level
- Module credits
- Min study time
- 75 hours
- Contact Hrs within study time
- 25 hours
- Teaching period
- Semester 2
- The importance and use of the main types of grasses, legumes and other forage crops, the conditions in which they are grown and associated husbandry practices.
- Digestibility and relative energy costs.
- Grassland improvement and seed mixtures.
- The herbage seed industry. Fertilisers and lime.
- Weed, pest and disease control.
- The utilisation of FYM and slurry.
- Irrigation and drainage.
- Grazing systems.
- Conservation policy, silage, hay and green crop drying.
- Measurements of efficiency, stocking rate and UME.
- The management of grass/legume systems on organic farms.
- Environmental issues including the conservation value of grassland.
To achieve credit for this module, students must be able to:
- Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the importance of all of the main grasses, forage legumes and other forage crops used in the UK.
- Apply the principles of species choice, establishment, agronomy and production management systems appropriate for specific areas and livestock enterprises.
- Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the principles and practices involved in the conservation of grass and forage crops for winter feed for farm animals.
- Understand and appreciate environmental issues and the conservation value of specific types of grassland and of the underlying concepts involved with the management of grass/legume systems on organic farms.
|Coursework||A fully referenced written report on a grassland or forage crop related topic.||100%|
Students should be familiar with the content of the following:
- Elgersma A, Dijkstra J & Tamminga S (eds) (2006) Fresh Herbage for Dairy Cattle
- Frame J (2000) Improved Grassland Management. Farming Press.
- Frame J Charlton J F L & Laidlaw A S (1998) Temperate Forage Legumes. CAB International.
- FINCH, H.J.S., SAMUEL, A.M. & LANE, G.P.F. (2002). Lockhart and Wiseman's Crop Husbandry including Grassland. 8th edition. Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
- NIAB (2011) Recommended Grass and Clover Lists British Society of Plant Breeders Ltd and BGS
- HUBBARD, C. E. (1984). 3rd ed. Grasses: a guide to their structure, identification, uses and distribution in the British Isles 3rd ed. Penguin
- SHELDRICK, R. D., NEWMAN, G. and ROBERTS, D. J. (1995). Legumes for Milk and Meat. 2nd Ed. Chalcombe Publications
- SOIL ASSOCIATION (2001). Organic Grassland Management and Forage Conservation. Soil Association.
- Hopkins A (2000), Grass- its production and utilisation. Blackwell Science.
- Lane G P F & Wilkinson J M (1998) Alternative Forages for Ruminants. Chalcombe Publications
- National Sheep Association (2008- continuing) Forage Matters
- Wageningen UR Fronis Series 18 Springer Netherlands
- Wilkinson, J M (2005) Silage Chalcombe Publications
- Wilkinson, J M, Allen, D & Newman, G (1998) Maize: producing and feeding maize silage. Chalcombe Publications
- DEFRA (2010) The Fertiliser Manual RB209. At: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/69469/rb209-fertiliser-manual-110412.pdf
- Grass and forage farmer
- Grass and forage science
- Grazing Advice Partnership (GAP): http://www.grazinganimalsproject.org.uk/index.html
- EBLEX (2009). Grassland Management (DVD).
- Natural England http://www.naturalengland.org.uk/
- Northern Ireland Ministry: http://www.ruralni.gov.uk/index/livestock/grass.htm
- Sports Turf Research Institute: http://www.stri.co.uk/