Grass and Forage Crops
- Module code
- Module leader
- Mike Draper
- Module level
- Module credits
- Min study time
- 75 hours
- Contact Hrs within study time
- 25 hours
- Teaching period
- Semester 2
The importance and use of the main types of grasses, legumes and other forage crops, the conditions in which they are grown and associated husbandry practices. Digestibility and relative energy costs. Grassland improvement and seed mixtures. The herbage seed industry. Fertilisers and lime. Weed, pest and disease control. The utilisation of FYM and slurry. Irrigation and drainage. Grazing systems. Conservation policy, silage, hay and green crop drying. Measurements of efficiency, stocking rate and UME. The management of grass/legume systems on organic farms. Environmental issues including the conservation value of grassland.
To achieve credit for this module, students must be able to:
- Demonstrate knowledge and critical understanding of the importance of all of the main grasses, forage legumes and other forage crops used in the UK.
- Apply the principles of species choice, establishment, agronomy and production management systems appropriate for specific areas and livestock enterprises.
- Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the principles and practices involved in the conservation of grass and forage crops for winter feed for farm animals.
- Understand and appreciate environmental issues and the conservation value of specific types of grassland and of the underlying concepts involved with the management of grass/legume systems on organic farms
|Coursework||A fully referenced written report on a grassland or forage crop related topic.||40%|
|Examination||Exam (1.5 hours)||60%|
Students should be familiar with the content of the following:
- Elgersma A, Dijkstra J & Tamminga S (eds) (2006) Fresh Herbage for Dairy Cattle
- Frame J (2000) Improved Grassland Management. Farming Press.
- Frame J Charlton J F L & Laidlaw A S (1998) Temperate Forage Legumes. CAB International.
- FINCH, H.J.S., SAMUEL, A.M. & LANE, G.P.F. (2002). Lockhart and Wiseman's Crop Husbandry including Grassland. 8th edition. Woodhead Publishing Ltd.
- NIAB (2011) Recommended Grass and Clover Lists British Society of Plant Breeders Ltd and BGS
- HUBBARD, C. E. (1984). 3rd ed. Grasses: a guide to their structure, identification, uses and distribution in the British Isles 3rd ed. Penguin
- SHELDRICK, R. D., NEWMAN, G. and ROBERTS, D. J. (1995). Legumes for Milk and Meat. 2nd Ed. Chalcombe Publications
- SOIL ASSOCIATION (2001). Organic Grassland Management and Forage Conservation. Soil Association.
- Hopkins A (2000), Grass- its production and utilisation. Blackwell Science.
- Lane G P F & Wilkinson J M (1998) Alternative Forages for Ruminants. Chalcombe Publications
- National Sheep Association (2008- continuing) Forage Matters
- Wageningen UR Fronis Series 18 Springer Netherlands
- Wilkinson, J M (2005) Silage Chalcombe Publications
- Wilkinson, J M, Allen, D & Newman, G (1998) Maize: producing and feeding maize silage. Chalcombe Publications
- DEFRA (2010) The Fertiliser Manual RB209. At: https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/69469/rb209-fertiliser-manual-110412.pdf
- Grass and forage farmer
- Grass and forage science
- Grazing Advice Partnership (GAP): http://www.grazinganimalsproject.org.uk/index.html
- EBLEX (2009). Grassland Management (DVD).
- Natural England http://www.naturalengland.org.uk/
- Northern Ireland Ministry: http://www.ruralni.gov.uk/index/livestock/grass.htm
- Sports Turf Research Institute: http://www.stri.co.uk/