Estimates of the number of small farmers in the world vary; however, it is generally agreed that half of the world’s population depends on subsistence farming, around 40% of cultivatable land is worked by small farmers and some 60% of all farms are small-scale. This emphasises the significance of small-scale farmers to agricultural production and food security.
In contrast, Agricultural and Food policies often focus on national strategies in the context of globalisation of food supply and international trade. Such policies often favour larger commercial producers and those who dominate regional, national and international food supply as articulated in the growth of international food and agricultural private (market) standards. This means that small-scale farming not only suffers from capacity constraints but also the failure of domestic policies, structural adjustments and the international trends and spikes in market prices for raw materials, energy and finance.
The module explores the dimensions of small scale farming and local food supply in the context of public policies, market structures, consumers, society and the sustainability of food supply at the local, regional, national and international levels. In doing this, three countries (UK, South Africa and Cuba) will be used as cases in point.
To achieve credit for this module, students must be able to:
- Evaluate the impact of agriculture, food and trade policies on small-scale agriculture and local food supply in a named country and recommend modifications to ensure that such policies support this sub-sector of the industry.
- Evaluate the sustainability of small-scale farming and local food supply systems using appropriate indicators.
- Appraise the current and potential contribution of small-scale and local food supply systems to local, regional and national food security for a named country.
|Examination||Exam (2 hours)||40%|
Students should be familiar with the content of at least one of the following:
- Blay-Palmer, A. (2010). Imagining Sustainable Food Systems: Theory and Practice. Ashgate Publishing Ltd. Farnham, UK.
- Djurfeldt, G., Aryeetey, E. and Isinika, A. (2011). African Smallholders: Food Crops, Markets and Policy. CABI, Wallingford, UK
- Vermeulen, S. and Cotula, L. (2010). Making the Most of Agricultural Investment: A Survey of Business Models that Provide Opportunities for Smallholders. IIED/FAO/SDC London, Rome, Berne.