The module will examine the current situation in terms of the environmental degradation in the British Countryside caused by long-term human activity and evaluate the related socio-economic drivers that have been at play over this timescale. It will explore the legislative frameworks that are now in place to protect and restore the natural world by valuing ecosystems as being integral to a sustainable future. The core themes also address the context of international treaties, EU directives and national targets and the systems that are in place to recover the natural environment in a way that underpins a healthy economy and enables preparedness for climate change.
An understanding will be gained of the different drivers associated with such issues, such as the decline in quality of our natural resources, (soil, air, water), greenhouse gas reduction, alongside other elements such as loss of biodiversity, heritage and landscape. The active learning approach will include a critique of the individual areas of governance through the perspectives of a range of orgnanisations, their roles and responsibilities and how ‘single issue’ policy has largely resulted in overlap, duplication and sometimes conflicting initiatives that have weaved into a complex web of governance.
The module will explore how ‘single issue agendas’ are presented as a ‘top down approach’, which can result in rural communities and farmers, feeling alienated from the policy process with many strategies targeted without their engagement. The role of the indigenous knowledge of communities and farmers has been overlooked in the past, with no structured mechanism for this knowledge and action to be connected effectively to policy delivery. To compound this there is often a lack of communication, coherence and co-ordination between organisations, strategies and policy frameworks, giving rise to confusing, disjointed and contradictory signals for people who live and work in rural areas.
One option to address this is to adopt the approach of Integrated Local Delivery (ILD). ILD is an evaluated replicatable framework that has been developed as a simple mechanism to address these issues. Through a multi-objective approach it inspires and enables farmers and local communities to lead on the protection of their own local environment. Key to this is an understanding of the need for, and applying of, greater connectivity at all levels to enable more effective collaboration between policy and delivery on the ground. The module will consider existing case studies in the local area and enable development of the students’ own project example using an ILD approach in a location, and with a specific environmental issue, of their choice.
This module will develop the transferable skills required to deliver ILD and give an insight into the activities of an Integrated Environmental Local Delivery Adviser who works with Rural Community Councils to achieve preparedness for climate change.
To achieve credit for this module, students must be able to:
- To evaluate and critique existing legislative framework governing environmental management and the roles of Government, statutory agencies and non-governmental organisations.
- To review and communicate the environmental changes that have occurred in the British countryside and the instrumental socio-economic drivers at local and national levels.
- To learn how to access and match funding for multiple sources.
- To understand the concept of Integrated Local Delivery (ILD) and to demonstrate practical application of this through a case study.
|Coursework||Literature review: The concept of ILD||25%|
|Coursework||Case study: Practical application of the ILD process on a worked example.||75%|
Students should be familiar with the content of the following:
- Inspiring and Enabling Local Communities: an integrated delivery model for Localism and the Environment. (Short et all 2010) www.ccri.ac.uk/ild
- Multi – Agency Geographical Information Centre MAGIC www.magic.gov,uk
- ACRE (2010) Community Led Planning: building the Big Society, ACRE: Cirencester
- Berkes F (2003) Rethinking community-based conservation, Conservation Biology, 18 (3) 621-630.
- Berkes F, Colding J and Folke C (eds.) (2003) Navigating Socio-Ecological Systems: building resilience for complexity and change. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.
- Cabinet Office (2010) Strategic National Framework for Community Resilience: consultation Cabinet Office: London.
- Carlsson L and Berkes F (2005) Co-management: concepts and methodological implications, Journal of Environmental Management 75 65-76.
- Carnegie UK Trust (2009) A Manifesto for Rural Communities: inspiring community innovation Carnegie UK Trust: Dunfermline.
- Defra (2007) The Rural Development Programme for England 2007-2013 – a summary, Defra: London
- European Directive facts sheets http://ec.europa.eu/environment/pubs/factsheets.htm
- Farming for the Future: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ixx1c3RSw_8